HIV AND AIDS
AIDS stands for "acquired immune deficiency syndrome" or "acquired immunodeficiency syndrome" and denotes a condition, which results from the damage done by HIV (human immuno virus) to the immune system. The condition was first identified in 1981 and the name "AIDS" was first introduced on July 27, 1982.
HIV (Human Immuno Virus) can only be transmitted between people through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the blood stream with a bodily fluid. Hence, there has been a lot of stigma around the spread of HIV and people living with HIV and AIDS. It has been estimated that around 33 million people around the world have been infected with HIV and that around two million people die from AIDS related conditions each year.
Almost 25% of all South African children under the age of 15 have lost at least one parent to AIDS. The province of KwaZulu Natal, where Project Gateway is situated, carries the heaviest burden with the most children and adults affected by HIV/AIDS.
One of the main HIV statistics for South Africa is that an estimated 7.52 million people were living with HIV in 2018. In 2017 21% of people living with HIV globally were living in South Africa.
HIV prevalence is the number of people living with HIV at a particular time. The estimated overall HIV prevalence rate in 2018 was approximately 13.1% among the South African population. HIV prevalence is down from 40% in Kwazulu Natal in 2015 to 27% in 2018.
South Africa has the largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme globally and these efforts have been largely financed from its own domestic resources. The country now invests more than $1.5 billion annually to run its HIV and AIDS programmes.
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